Expediting Residue Breakdown
21 Sep 238 min 18 sec

After your combine completes the harvest pass, the remaining residue begins breaking down. But if you let this breakdown happen on nature’s timetable, you’re wasting valuable nutrients. Last year’s crop residue holds fertility that you’ve already paid for — an effective management plan recycles your fertility investment. Temple, Chad, and Holganix’s Rob McCoy discuss the importance of residue management.

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00:00 Bigger crops come, bigger residue. And you know what? Residue management's a bigger important role on farming operations. If you want to be a top achiever, like my friends extreme ag, 00:10 we're talking about residue management, residue breakdown. Actually we've got a webinar on this subject depending on when you're watching 00:15 this video. September 7th, every month on the first Thursday month, we do webinars. Residue management. 00:21 Residue breakdown is kind of a big topic and I wanted to dig into it more here at Temple Roads Field Day. All right, Chad, you and I have talked about this. 00:28 We've got Wholeganics, Rob McCoy from wholeganics. They have a product that's, uh, you know, 00:32 designed to help breakdown after this machine right here runs this big old fit combine. After it runs across the field, 00:38 there's a whole bunch of fodder that blows out the back. Whole bunch of residue blows out the back. Now what? 00:43 Well, we made one treatment right here on this dirt. We just had to get that outta the way we talked about earlier. No, you know, the biggest thing we see, you know, the, 00:53 in the next year when you plant your next crop, you know, we're here now talking about residue management, residue breakdown. 00:58 And that's because now's the time you get in your thought process because we've gotta do this after the machine's run. Yep. You know, 01:04 and the worst thing we can do is every time a grain cart pulls up, somebody wants to stop and it's just blowing it out the back and then it's just 01:10 piling it up on the ground and you can see it the next year, scrap, whether it's beans or corn or whatever you do, 01:14 you can see it because the ground's just colder. The nutrients are tied up more. And, 01:18 and it's something about keeping that good even flow and distribution of that management. 01:22 There's nothing wrong with residue, obviously. It helps, you know, improve organic matter. It's, it protects you from soil erosion, cover crop. 01:30 It's, it's a cheap cover crop. It's there. It's Old nons year nutrients for the next year. That's right. So we need to break that down as fast as we can to try to get it into the next 01:38 year's thing. How many times have you went out in different areas? Maybe not down in Chad's 'cause it's warm where he is, 01:44 but maybe in the up north where we are, you can go out there in a field that wasn't in corn. It's been in beans for three years, it's still fine residue from the corn. Yeah. 01:52 Three year, three years ago was the last corn crop. Yeah. But essentially, like you said, 01:56 in northern climates where you get three months at least four months Yeah. Of it, 02:00 There's, there don't have enough breakdown because Of the freezing effect. So it's not just an effect, a reason up in, if you're in Minnesota or North Dakota, where obviously it's frozen soils, 02:08 it's a, it's an issue everywhere. When you're pushing out 250 bushel corn, there's a boatload of 02:13 Resident. That's right. That's right. And, and you know, hundred bushel beans or 80 bushel beans. There's a lot of rescue double crops. 02:18 There's a lot of rescue. We at your wheat, you know, so that's this year we're testing on the wheat. If you'd have told me two years ago, three years ago, 02:25 well you need to use this breakdown probably on, look man, within three weeks of, after we cut our corn, it's black and it's, 02:31 it's all the pieces. But now understand it's not about just a breakdown, it's about the protein release. You know, 02:36 we need the nutrients that's inside of it. So just don't think it's about, oh, I need to break it down. No, no, no. It's about not being tied up as well. Well, 02:44 And we talked about that, the heat as well. You know what I mean? Breaks it down quicker and in his region. Well, 02:49 last summer we did a test on this and we went out there when we planted our double crop beans and we sprayed Roundup on it. We had this product in it. Well, 02:58 guess what we had when we, we took it off the, it cut better. Yeah. That year. The beans cut better 'cause we got rid of that bottle. Just, well, 03:08 Chad and I did a, we went down there and we looked at it over the winter and it was, it was clearly a difference. 03:13 Okay, so we interested me this, the products that you have that helped do this. And they go right after the, and I, 03:18 I remember the first time we started talking about residue breakdown products and we've worked with a few different ones of them. 03:23 I assumed you went out there in the spring, but you really want to hit it in a fall. You thought it was steel, you thought it was a disc or like a breaking block. 03:31 I thought, I Thought it was, I thought you had to go out there in the spring and start doing it. But really you should start sooner than that and begin the process. Yeah. 03:37 What's The prop? I mean, you really are focused on it in the spring and the fall, the breakdown products in the fall after you harvest, 03:43 it's all part of a cycle to improve soil health. And you get a lot of these benefits when we're doing that. You get the faster breakdown, you get the nutrient release, the, 03:51 the soil becomes more porous. You can, you can get the water and nutrients through that quicker, more accessibility, easier to work the field, but you don't wanna stop the process there. 04:01 You're just starting to gain momentum. So you wanna make sure spring, fall, keep going back and forth, 04:06 building up that the microbial activity in the soil and let the, let the microbes do the work for you. 04:11 Is it working? It's definitely working. You're, you've got more fodder, more residue than we ever had because the yields are bigger than, I mean, 04:18 I just saw, we just did a root dig on a separate video, dear listener. And the soybean, uh, stems at the bottom were, you know, a bigger round of is a, 04:25 is a, It is definitely working. I mean, you have all those nutrients out there, let's get it back in the dirt and let's capture that money and put it, 04:32 pull it forward. Is there such a thing as getting it broken down too soon? In other words, if I go out there, 04:36 especially in your part of the world where you don't have a hard freeze and you don't have, you know, four months of winter. 04:41 If I break that down in November and, and you're part of the Alabama, Chad, have I hardened myself? Did I make it so that the, the nutrients got, you know, 04:49 released by FE February and now they're not gonna be there? Or is that We don't Have winter wheat on it. Okay. 04:54 Or even if you're putting in a cover crop that allows that cover crop to take that up again and then turn it back loose again. Yeah. 04:59 That's what the cover crop's all about. You know, is it getting into a form that the plant can use? Got it. So, you know, when we're, you know, we're going spread on our corn when it goes behind, uh, 05:08 well we're planting wheat behind of it and that we're trying to get that broke down and then we're going to start figuring out what we can use, 05:15 how this fits into our fertility program. Mm-hmm. You know, so does that, do I get to shave off 10% of my fertility budget? Absolutely. What's the, 05:22 you know, what that, Is there an economic study to that Rob? Well, we can talk about, hey, I went out there and I used this product post harvest it help break down stuff, 05:29 made my nutrients more available and now I can back off on fertility. Is there a number? 05:32 I don't, there is, and not only that, the product's going to work better with the cutback on the fertility because if we keep, uh, fertilizing at the same rate, the, the plant's not it, 05:42 it's gonna have its own dependency there where it's gonna rely on that. We want it to work through its natural lifecycle. 05:47 So we're providing it with the nutrients and, and microbes to do that. Yeah. Well we have to get it to shift gears. 05:54 It's gotta switch lanes there in order to, To start looking and using those microbes and, and getting everything to, to work harmoniously. There's gonna be somebody that's listening to this, 06:03 watching this that says, yeah, you know what, those guys spend too much money per acre. You know, that's kind of cool what they do. I could see that on corn, but not on soybeans. 06:10 There's not that much residue on soybeans. Your answer would be, it definitely Is. When you, when you have, like for me for instance, a lot of our beans, 06:17 they're irrigated and when you take that irrigated, um, off there's beans off, you have a crop mat that's three, four inches thick. I mean, 06:25 it's just thick and you've gotta be able to break that down. Tremendous amount of potash in it and tremendous amount of phosphorus I can't 06:32 put on 'em, but so much phosphorus. I'm breaking it down, I'm putting it back in the dirt. 06:35 Is there, is there an argument made against doing this that you want that fodder to protect your soil because there is you, you know, six months of that soil, 06:42 you don't want it to be laying bare. I mean, you don't want it to be like, we have the moldboard plow, but it doesn't do that anyway, does it? No, 06:47 No, no. It can't, it can't do that. I mean, you're gonna go out there and you, you can visually, it's very hard to see visually, 06:53 but when you start picking it up and you start pulling it apart, like we did in December when Temple had his and we come in here and done a, 06:58 done a video on its end and we started pulling apart, like one pole would tear it more up. Well then it would just, it, it's more like a shredding process where it's just, 07:06 it's just a lot finer part that it's not something you're gonna drive by the road, say, oh, I can see that done it. 07:12 But when if you put your boots in the field where they should be, yeah, you gotta go out on the field, you gotta get outta your truck. Yeah. 07:18 And you go to look at it a little bit. It's not a 55 mile an Hour, it's not a 55 mile an hour deal, you know, 07:22 so you're gonna have to get out and do a little work, you know, we'll send you a pair of boots. Alright. But anyway, we'll let you know. 07:27 All right. So, uh, the, the product is called what Bio 800 Breakdown All. And if I wanna learn more about it, where do I go? You can go to holganix.com. 07:34 H O L G A N I X. I see you got it. Right there. His name is Rob McCoy. His name is Temple Rhodes Field Day here. 07:40 Chad Henderson came up from Alabama to participate. We do cool field days for with extreme ag and if you have not been to one and you are watching this, you should come to one in 2024. 07:49 This is the final one of 2023. There was one at Kevin's. There was one at Chad's. 07:53 There was one at Kelly's and there's one now at Temple's. There's allegedly gonna be one of Matt Miles next year in 2024. 07:57 Also there's one at Johnny Verell's. Awesome Field Days, great lawyer experiences. All a bunch of machineries brought in here. 08:02 We've got root digs going on. We've got, uh, companies here demonstrating their products, talking to you about how you can enhance your farming game. 08:08 That's what we do at Extreme Ag. Check out more cool stuff. I'm Damien Mason. Thank you for being here@extremeag.farm.

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