Are your Soybeans strong enough to hold pods?
1 Sep 2210 min 9 sec

Kelly Garrett and Mike Evans have identified that one of the biggest yield limiters for soybeans is branch strength. They have spent a lot of time getting enough fertility into the plant in order to grow more pods, but if the branches can’t hold the pods, that’s a problem.  Kelly and Mike talk about the calcium program they are implementing to increase branch strength in their Agroliquid trial this season.

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00:00 Posing the question to you. Do your soybeans possess skeletal strength and you're saying wait a minute. What do 00:06 you even talking about? All right. I'm standing a soybean field in Aryan Iowa with Stephanie. Zelenko National agronomist 00:12 for aggro liquid Mike Evans integrated AG Solutions and business partner with Kelly Garrett of extreme AG we're standing here in the soybean field because one of Kelly Garrett's big 00:21 pushes this year is making sure that there's adequate amount of calcium uptake into his crops. This is a big deal. Now, we never 00:30 even talked about calcium a decade or so ago and what we're now saying is skeletal strength paint the picture of what the problem was whoever wants to go on the 00:39 problem last year. You said those beans could have made a hundred bushels per acre, but fill me in last year. We had some beans that made 80 00:48 bush. And we felt that there was 20 bushel laying on the ground because these main branches. Yep, when they get loaded with 00:55 pods, they couldn't support themselves under the weight. They were not strong enough. They'll break off here at the Joint where they come 01:01 out from the main stem and it's a big yield limiting factor because we could not either worst case scenario the pods 01:07 actually abort or in this case the branches were still alive and they just folded down on the ground and the combine head went over top of them. We couldn't get them and we went 01:16 out there Mike and I and looked on the ground and picked up the branches. We felt that there was easily 15 probably 20 bushel 01:22 laying there. So we need to Build a Better plan. Okay. So we're talking about a 28% yield drag 01:28 right there as he telling the truth. Like were they really gonna be that good and then all the sudden those soybeans because if they're laying on the ground it don't matter how good 01:37 your header is. You ain't picking them up, right? Yeah. I mean exactly right. I mean they were laying on the ground and combine one over 01:43 top of them, and there's no way to recoup those. They're just gone. So, thank you. Maybe thank you. Yeah. Yeah. Alright. So this 01:52 is a problem and it's really those lower branches like you talk about here. But also there's a bunch of soybeans are coming off of those lower branches, right? So what do 02:02 they need to do to prevent that 15-20 percent loss of possible yield to snapping off. It's a skeletal issue. It's skeletal strength within 02:13 the soybean plant right Stephanie. Absolutely So Cal seems very critical for that strength of those cells which is gonna make that stem 02:19 and that stock stronger which allows those plants to stay in more upright and keep those pods from actually falling down and getting on the ground. Can you demonstrate for the 02:28 people that are listening? I'm sorry. We'll describe it as best we can for the people viewing you'll see this give me an example of a strong plant. 02:34 That's got the right about calcium and then Mike you've got one that's a little bit weak because we're doing experiment out here, right? Yes. So when you when you push on these branches 02:44 They're just physically stronger. You can feel the resistance that you that you get from pushing on these versus this plant Mike pick this plant and it's 02:53 already breaking. Yeah, it's cracked right here. You can't really see it. Maybe we'll get a close up. Okay, but it's it's breaking off. 02:59 It's all it's already starting to fracture and it doesn't even have any weight on it. No, there's pot these pods don't have any fill. I mean 03:05 there's there's we're not even we're not even fully weighted on that yet. Exactly. But when you think about the storms and the wind 03:11 that we've had I don't think it is beyond comprehension that that would already happen just based on the wind, but think about think 03:17 about if there gets to be 20 pods on there on that Branch, you know, because there's about three or four nodes on there. You're gonna put five or six pods on every node. And and 03:26 it's already broken it goes on it already, you know? Yes, I think we've already then established that the the economic aspect of 03:32 it. If you really did leave 15 bushels out there. That's a bunch, you know at 15 bucks. That's my math tells me 03:38 that's about what 225 I'd love to have 225 per acre of of profit. Let alone just that that's what's laying out there. 03:47 So what are they doing this year? You're using a product. That's all about the calcium. Tell us what what's going on 03:53 here at Garland and cattle to make sure we do more skeletal strength of the beans. So part of agril liquids lab here 03:59 that we're doing with Kelly is looking at our liquid calcium product liberate CA it's a 3% calcium. We can put that out in Furrow through 04:08 plantar applications two by two fully or so. It's a very flexible product we can put on a number of different manners which allows us to kind of spoon feed that calcium to get 04:17 multiple applications throughout the season didn't we in another recording Kelly address this one issue that you're all 04:23 about calcium and it can't be all at once you go out there and think you've just loaded up in planting time May first or whenever these soybeans went into ground you yourself any 04:32 favor because you actually need to be putting calcium out there at multiple intervals. Absolutely, you know, like we have talked before about 04:38 when you go across the field you should put on more on or Put on potassium acetate and those are important as 04:43 well. But we're learning more and more this year about calcium and we identified it last year as a big 04:49 deficiency for us and what we have learned this year amazes me. It's exceeded my expectations. A lot of times 04:55 people talk about NP and K. And now we've added sulfur mpkns. Well, I'm telling you now calcium is 05:01 not a micronutrient for us. It is a macronutrient because it's a yield limiting factor in PKS and 05:07 see little aight. Hey tell us what the program looks like now Mr. Evans, what are you doing out here? So this field is basically vtv. 05:16 Three. The beans are about this big. Okay, we came out here and put a court of liberate sea on did you 05:22 use any planting? Here on this field. No, okay, but on any of your fields, did you put it in a time of planting? Yeah, and that goes in for oh that 05:30 goes two by two done it both ways both ways. That's not there's no issue Stephanie. Okay, so it can go in on this particular field. You did 05:36 not you got your soybeans 4 inches tall. You came across with a foliar. Yep. And what was in the mix besides liberate 05:42 CA around with calcium just just calcium, you know is okay. There's the other one you'd say can I justify running across all my acres to just 05:51 put a calcium treatment in well, I guess if it's 15 bushels, you can justify that in the timing for that calcium pass 05:57 is V2. The beans are very small at that point. We don't want to put other nutrients on okay and a lot of times with a foliar application. It isn't how 06:06 much you're putting on but it's when you're putting it on and the the other foliar things, you know, the acetate or 06:12 pgr things like that. That's not the right time for them. But it is the right time for the calcium and absolutely you can 06:18 justify it when you're talking 15 bushel. All right, so at three percent and what's the number two and a half ounces per 06:24 So it's a 3% calcium use rate one to two quarts per acre. Alright, I'm using one to two quarts per acre Mike. You're the guy that's always overseeing all this. He's the money guy. You're the agronauts 06:33 guy, but you always come together. You always come together. How much did we spend on liberate CA to do this treatment? It was 06:39 about eight bucks an acre it to nine bucks. Okay, and you're gonna use it a couple times. So we use an eight bucks each time or is eight bucks 06:45 for the whole season. It's about eight months before. Yeah every time a pass. Okay. So if you do you think you're gonna be putting it in two times three 06:51 times. Depending on the field and depending upon the potential for the field. It could be three times. Okay, so that could be as much as 24 bucks. But 06:58 again, we just talked about the possible $15 soybean, you're talking one and a half to two bushels soybeans and we're easily we're getting that back. It's it's a no-brainer. All 07:07 right, another question. These soybeans are knee-high right now. We are recording this on July 26th, you're gonna 07:13 put calcium on this again aren't those aren't those plants already done? I mean, there's like give trying to giving giving glass of milk to an old woman that's already breaking her hips. 07:22 I mean the osteoporosis has set in am I right? Yeah. I mean, we probably won't put calcium back on this field again. Okay, it has to happen. Yeah. It's when the plant's 07:31 small because that's when it's building this bottom stem that we're that's where we're I could see us putting it on in our post to 07:37 herbicide. That's another shot. Okay. So this might you might do a calcium treatment at this tall. And again, that's about 07:43 that tall. Okay. Yep. Anything that you've learned since calcium is a big huge push for you just in the last couple of years that you think the average person's 07:52 like not is is dialed in on calcium that you can help them out. Well, like here in Western, Iowa in the less Hills 07:59 our base saturation calcium is very high. There's all kinds of calcium here. It's a yield limiting factor. It's the reason sulfur is so important to us to amend that problem. So, you 08:08 know as a young farmer, I always thought well, we got plenty of calcium. Well, it's not available right is the problem. There's 08:14 calcium here. It's limiting your yields unavailable a product like liberate CA. 08:19 Gets calcium into the plant makes it available to us. Got it. What what you're seeing because this was 08:26 never a focus a decade ago. Right? Right. So kind of give me the the quick then chronology and where you think calcium is going to go because it seems to me that's gonna be more and more applications more and 08:35 more uses of this. So calcium. If you look historically a lime application was the main way we're gonna get that Kelly 08:41 and that's because your pH was pH was off. So we're adding some additional lime, you know high calcium line that 08:47 will get that into the soil. It needs to break down. It's just a very slow process to make that into a plant available form of calcium. 08:53 So the advantage with a liquid form is it's all readily available your plant can take it in and use it immediately for building that plant. Okay. So the old deal used to 09:02 be yeah, as long as your pH is right you throw out lying on your Fields once every five years you're okay, and now we've learned not 09:09 All right. So we've addressed calcium and just on the subject of skeletal strength because that's how we introduce this whole topic. Do 09:15 your beans possess skeletal strength. Is it just calcium? Right. Now this well get that kind 09:22 of tuned in and see what happens and then we'll see if we add any more nutrients at that time. But right now it's just calcium you 09:28 have way things are shaping up. Yes, and you're all about the money. You're seeing the dollar return Yes and Stephanie. Do 09:34 you see that? Liberate? CA is gonna be the answer to skeletal strength on soybeans. Absolutely. The soybeans look great. All right. 09:40 Fantastic. My name is Damian Mason. She's Stephanie's Delanco That's Mike Evans with any great exclusions. And that's Kelly Garrett. We're 09:46 talking about do your beans possess skeletal strength, and I'm gonna ask you the question do they and if they do not get out there Scott your 09:52 fields and you might believe in 15 bushels out there on the ground. If you do not have skeletal strength and you can do that with calcium. Thanks for being here till next time check 10:01 out all of our cool stuff and extreme agnot Farm.

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